[5] She protested but agreed and reportedly spoke passionately about the affair to the king, but she was unable to succeed, as the king reacted very negatively to her attempt to interfere in politics after the preparation from Fleury that women should not be allowed to participate in state affairs. A devout Roman Catholic throughout her life, Marie was popular among the French people for her generosity and introduced many Polish customs to the royal court at Versailles. She had an elder sister, Anna Leszczyńska, who died of pneumonia in 1717.[2]. Should that happen, the throne would pass to the Orléans line. Date of birth/death: 17 March 1685 7 November 1766 Location of birth/death: Paris: Paris: Work period: 1700s-1750s: Work location: Paris Authority control: Q277738; VIAF: 61708615; ISNI: 0000 0000 8141 1717; ULAN: 500120754; LCCN: n90662682; MusicBrainz: b25ab8a0-a7d3-45a4-846f-1b1b0473e950; WorldCat; Title: English: Marie Leszczyńska, Queen of France, Reading the Bible … by Scott Mehl. Marie Leszczyńska is a member of the following lists: People from Trzebnica, 1703 births and Burials at the Basilica of St Denis. [4] At this point, there were already negotiations of marriage between Marie and the Duke of Bourbon. Marie was on a list of 99 eligible European princesses to marry the young king. In 1733, he entered into his first infidelity, with Louise Julie de Mailly; until 1737, this relationship was not official, and she was known at court as the Fair Unknown. As Queen of France, she was known to welcome Swedish ambassadors to France with the phrase "Welcome, Dearest Heart!" In 1723, the Duke of Bourbon had become the Regent of France during the minority of Louis XV. Louis and Marie first met on the eve of their wedding, which took place on 5 September 1725, at the Château de Fontainebleau. Marie Leszczyńska, daughter of the deposed King of Poland, married Louis XV in 1725 thanks to the influence of the Duke of Bourbon. [3] Zweibrücken then passed to a cousin of his. [4] Marie Leszczyńska, Queen of France. Maria was on a list of 99 eligible European princesses to mairy the young king. [4] After Louis fell seriously ill, there was a great fear that he would die before he had time to have an heir to the throne. The reason were two incidents, both of which insulted the queen: During one long night of gambling, Voltaire's lover, Emilie du Chatelet, lost a fortune at the queen's gambling table, during which Voltaire whispered to her in English that she had been cheated. During this time France was a powerful nation and often in conflict with Austria; the Austrian ambassador to France, Florimond Claude, Comte de Mercy-Argenteau, was said to have been romantically involved with the Queen, but this seems highly unlikely and was disregarded as court gossip. There were rumours before the wedding that the bride […] [4] After the war, her father was given the Duchy of Lorraine because he was the father-in-law of the king of France, and the Duchy became part of France after the death of her father who became Duke of Lorraine, thus making herself indirectly useful in the political arena. Marie Leszczyńska was previously married to Louis XV of France (1725 - 1768). Unlike her elder siblings, she was not raised at Versailles, but rather at the Abbey of Fontevraud, where she remained until she was 15. The Duke of Bourbon and Madame de Prie began negotiations for the immediate marriage of the King to Marie. in Swedish. Marie Leszczyńska : biography 23 June 1703 – 24 June 1768 This is the correct spelling of the surname in modern Polish; various other spellings are also used in English and French. Marie Leszczyńska, daughter of the deposed King of Poland, married Louis XV in 1725 thanks to the influence of the Duke of Bourbon. Marriage and children. They day following the fall of the Duke de Bourbon's ministry, Louis XV stated to queen Marie that he demanded of her to let herself be directed by Cardinal Fleury in the future with the words: Marie's attempt to participate in state affairs during the events of 1726 resulted in a crisis in her relationship with Louis XV, and she sought advice on how to behave from the Princess of Carignano, whom unbeknownst to her was a spy in service of Savoy. Although few traces of her 42 years at the Palace remain—most were wiped out as a result of the changes wrought by Marie-Antoinette—the wife of King Louis XV nevertheless made her mark through the art she commissioned and the private chambers she created. [5] In these complicated disputes over the choice of a royal marriage partner, Marie Leszczyńska eventually emerged as a choice acceptable to both the party of the Duke of Bourbon and Madame de Prie, as well as the party of Cardinal Fleury, mainly because she was politically uncontroversial and lacked any of the alliances which could harm either party. During his visit to Versailles, she acted as an interpreter for her spouse and family who did not understand German. Her great rival, Madame de Pompadour, also a woman of taste and intellect, had already died a few years earlier. [5], Louis XV eventually became a notorious womaniser. Marie was baptized on month day 1703, at baptism place. Madame de Prie immediately enlisted the queen to speak to the king in favor of Bourbon. [4] The engagement between Louis XV and the Spanish Infanta was broken, and the latter was sent back to Spain, much to the chagrin of the Spanish. She was the longest serving Queen consort o Fraunce. A Taste of Marie Leszczyńska is presented in the Dauphine’s Apartments, which have been reopened for the occasion. Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska was the wife of King Louis XV of France. source: Wikipedia. She was the grandmother of Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X of France. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Queen Marie in circa 1740 by Louis Tocqué, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marie_Leszczyńska&oldid=7120750, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. The nobility and the court looked upon the future queen as an upstart intruder, the ministers as a cause to diplomatic trouble with Spain and Russia, whose princesses had been refused in favor of Marie, and the general public was also reportedly initially dissatisfied with the fact that France would gain "from this marriage neither glory nor honor, riches nor alliances. Philip was the first Bourbon king of Spain, the country's present ruling house. Although she rarely was involved in politics, she stepped in for her husband at court festivities at Versaille, due to his absence. Posts about Marie Leszczyńska written by liamfoley63. Despite her lack of influence, she did have political views, and also some indirect political importance. Tag Archives: Queen Marie Leszczyńska May 10, 1774: Death of Louis XV, King of France and Navarre. [4] She and the clergy supported the idea of the king exiling his mistress Marie Anne de Mailly and her sister and the idea that the king should make a public regret for his adultery, but this did not improve their marriage.[5]. (Women alongside power: 1632-1772) Lund: Nordic Academic Press. She was a great lover of music and painting and the promoter of many artists. Meanwhile, Cardinal Fleury learned of the plot to discredit him and left the palace. That same year, the young king fell ill and, fearing the consequences of the unmarried king dying without an heir, the Duc suggested getting the young King married as soon as possible. Marie was twenty-two years old and Louis fifteen. Marie Leszczynsaka, Queen Consort of France for nearly 45 years was truly a people's queen. Her other favorite lady in waiting was her Dame d'atour, Françoise de Mazarin, who supported Marie during the affair between her cousin, Louise Julie de Mailly, and the king. [3] During this period in her life, Marie began speaking Swedish, with a Scanian accent. Marie Leszczyńska (Trzebnica, 23 June 1703 – Versailles, 24 June 1768) was a queen of France as wife of Louis XV. In June 1726, Fleury convinced the king to deprive the Duke of Bourbon of his ministry. Marie Leszczyńska appears in 1 issues View all The Story of Sex: A Graphic History Through the Ages. Kept out of serious business and not held in particularly high regard in the Court, the Queen devoted her energies to the convent she founded in the town of Versailles for the education of poor girls. Cardinal de Fleury, who h… Marie Leszczyńska (Trzebnica, 23 June 1703 – Versailles, 24 June 1768) was a queen consort of France. Marie Leszczyńska (Polish pronunciation: ... Death. Marie was a devout Roman Catholic. The 6 May 1725, Marie was forced to undergo a medical examination, which ruled out epilepsy and also gave reassuring reports about her menstruation and ability to procreate. Marie Leszczyńska (Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska; Trzebnica, Poland, 23rd June 1703 – Versailles, France, 24th June 1768) Marie Leszczyńska by Jean-Marc Nattier, 1748 : Although we have previously welcomed Marie Leszczyńska to the salon, she was very much there as one of a pair, celebrating her wedding to King Louis XV of France. The Duke and de Prie planned to use the absence of Fleury to have him confined to an abbey, and gave Marie the task of informing Louis XV that the absent Fleury wished to enter an Abbey and leave his position at court. Marie was, finally, chosen because she was a healthy adult Catholic princess ready to procreate immediately after the wedding. Queen Marie’s death at the age of 65 is a disaster for the monarchy. "[5] There were rumors before the wedding that the bride was ugly, epileptic and sterile. Marie Leszczyńska was truly a people's queen. However the Infanta was still a child, and could not be expected to conceive for several years; while Louis XV, being fifteen, had already hit puberty. She had nine children. Louis XV is thus left to his own devices after the successive deaths of his mistress and wife. In France, she was referred to as Marie Leczinska. She was a daughter of […] [5], Marie was not described as a beauty; instead her characteristics in the marriage market were stated as those of being pleasant, well-educated, and graceful in manner and movement. Memorial; Photos ; Flowers ; Polish Royalty, Queen consort of King Louis XV. [5] Louis XV, who suffered from restlessness and needed to be entertained, eventually became more inclined to listen when Marie was unfavorably compared to other women, and Cardinal Fleury, who wished to prevent Marie from eventually getting any influence over the king, favored the idea of the king taking a mistress as long as she was apolitical. Marie died at Versailles on 24 June 1768, six years before her husband. [3] In Sweden, the family was welcomed by the queen dowager Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp and became popular members of society life on the estates of the nobility around Kristianstad. In the end, the 21-year-old Marie Leszczyńska, daughter of Stanislaus I, the deposed king of Poland, was finally chosen.The marriage was celebrated in September 1725 when the king was 15. Queen Marie maintained the role and reputation of a simple and dignified Catholic queen. On their instruction, the queen called on the king to come to her chambers, where the Duke de Bourbon was present. In the end, the 21-year-old Marie Leszczyńska, daughter of Stanisław I, the deposed king of Poland, was finally chosen. Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska (23 June 1703 – 24 June 1768) (Polish pronunciation: [lɛʂˈtʂɨɲska]), also known as Marie Leczinska (pronounced [maʁi lɛɡzɛ̃ska]), was a Polish noblewoman and French Queen consort. Queen Marie was initially not respected by the royal court, where she was regarded as low-born. Once she befriended Bourbon, her path to being Louis’s wife became easier. Marie had a very close relationship to her children. It was also her favorite portrait, which she had reproduced to give to friends. However, the friction was soon overcome, reportedly because Marie-Josèphe was an admirer of the Queen's father. Background. In France, she was referred to as Marie Leczinska. There were long-ongoing negotiations of a marriage between Marie and the now widowed Duke of Bourbon: Madame de Prie favored the match, as she did not perceive the reputedly unattractive Marie as a threat to her. According to our records, Marie Leszczyńska is possibly single. View Source: Share. Marie Leszczyńska was born on June 23 1703, in Trzebnica, to Stanisław I Leszczyński and Catherine Opalińska. [5] In August 1727, Marie gave birth to her first children, twins named Louise Élisabeth and Anne Henriette, at the Palace of Versailles. The king was reportedly delighted, stating that after it had been said that he could not be a father, he had suddenly become the father of two. She was buried at the Basilica of St Denis and her heart was entombed at the Church of Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours in Nancy (Lorraine). A fan depicting the marriage of Marie Leszczyńska and Louis XV on 5th September 1725 I have always liked a good wedding, especially one that goes on for days and involves a palace! [4] Though she had simple habits - her apartments at Versailles were not redecorated after 1737 - her favorite game, cavagnole, often placed her in debt, and the King was normally unwilling to pay these off for her. As queen, Marie Leszczyńska performed her ceremonial role in strict accordance with formal court etiquette and regularly and punctually fulfilled all representational duties that the court life at Versailles demanded of her. She also oversaw the moral and religious Marie married Louis Xv of France on September 4 1725, at age 22. [3] During the escape, Marie was separated from the rest of her family; she was later found with her nurse hiding in a crib in a stable, although another version claims it was actually a cave in an old mineshaft. On 4 September 1725, she married Louis XV of France. Maria's early life was troubled by her father's political misfortune. [4] It was also a fact, that if the king should die before his son was an adult, then she would in accordance with custom have become regent of France until his 13th birthday, which made Marie a potential regent from the birth of the dauphin until his 13th-birthday,[4] a fact which would have been well known at court. This was an undesirable prospect for the Duke of Bourbon, who himself would in fact have preferred that the throne should pass to the Spanish line rather than to the Orléans line. The announcement of the wedding was not received well at the royal court. Queen Marie of France, pained by Carle van Loo, c1747. After the difficult birth of Princess Louise in 1737, which nearly took her life, Marie was advised by the doctors that another pregnancy may end her life, and from 1738, she refused Louis entrance to her bedroom. Marie Leszczyńska (Trzebnica, 23 June 1703 – Versailles, 24 June 1768) was a queen of France as wife of Louis XV. Born Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska h. Wieniawa, she was the second daughter of Stanisław Leszczyński and his wife Katarzyna Opalińska. [4] Cardinal de Fleury, who had been Louis's tutor, was appointed her grand almoner. Stanisław was born on October 20 1677, in LWÔW, Pologne. Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska (h. Wieniawa)[1] was the second daughter of Stanislaus I Leszczyński and his wife, Catherine Opalińska. During the War of the Polish Succession in 1733–1736, she supported her father's candidacy to the Polish throne, and upon her father's demand,[4] she did her best to encourage Cardinal Fleury to support her father's candidacy, though she herself expressed to the Cardinal that she had never wished for the war and that she was an innocent cause of it because the French wished to enhance her dynastic status. In Culture. [4] However, when the list of 17 (including Barbara of Portugal, Princess Charlotte Amalie of Denmark, Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine and Enrichetta d'Este) was further reduced to four, the preferred choices presented numerous problems. Furthermore, despite her surname being difficult to spell or to pronounce for the French, it was still commonly used by commoners. Marie's father Stanislaus had been a monarch for only a short time and she was thought to be a poor choice of inferior status not worthy of being queen of France. This was regarded as an insult to the queen, because it denounced her guests as cheats; Voltaire could have been arrested for his ill-timed remark. Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska (Polish: [ˈmarja lɛʂˈtʂɨj̃ska]; 23 June 1703 – 24 June 1768), also known as Marie Leczinska (French: [maʁi lɛɡzɛ̃ska]), was a Polish princess and Queen consort of France from 1725 until 1768 by marriage to Louis XV. This is the correct spelling of the surname in modern Polish; other spellings are also used in English and French. [4] The princess' advice was that as Queen of France, it was Marie's duty was not to involve herself in political intrigues and plots, but to act as an example of virtue and piety and a role model of a "Catholic consort of the Most Christian King". Upon her marriage, Maria's Polish name was modified into French as Marie. Lundh-Eriksson, Nanna: Hedvig Eleonora. After his death, Marie started to move up in the wife rankings. Anne and Amelia of Great Britain, who were considered with the understanding that they would convert to the Catholic faith upon marriage, were favored by the Duke of Bourbon and Madame de Prie because it was supported by their political financiers, the firm of Paris Brothers Joseph Paris Duverney. Her “colourist”, Etienne Jeaurat, guided her paintbrush for 15 years, and she was advised by Jean-Baptiste Oudry. Queen Marie never managed to develop political influence. This is the correct spelling of the surname in modern Polish; other spellings are also used in English and French. This is the correct spelling of the surname in modern Polish; other spellings are also used in English and French. of France. Marie Leszczyńska 1703 1768 Marie Leszczyńska in Biographical Summaries of Notable People. Her major contribution to life at Versailles was the weekly Polish choral concerts. Stanislaus unsuccessfully tried to arrange a marriage for her with the Count of Charolais, brother of the Duke of Bourbon. She was born on June 23, 1703, in Trzebnica, Silesia (now Poland) to Stanisław I Leszczyński and his wife Catherine Opalińska. Bourbon asked the king if they should write a reply, which the King refused without the presence of Fleury. Wahlström & Widstrand (1947), Clarissa Campbell Orr: Queenship in Europe 1660-1815: The Role of the Consort. [4] [4], She accepted that her courtiers were appointed because of rank rather than personal preference, and conversed politely with those who were in attendance. [5] Once, for example, she could find no other way to entertain him than to suggest him to kill the flies in the window panes. The family lived a modest life in a large town house at the expense of the French Regent. 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