As per the ruling of Delhi high Court regarding majority that the Constitution does not require a person must prove his majority in the Lok Sabha before he is appointed as the Prime Minister. The minister along with the secretaries of the concerned departments answer the questions put to them by the Members of the Parliament. It is binding in nature for the President and to allocate them portfolios. Morning Star Total History & Civics 10----- … Boyko Borissov was elected for Prime Minster of the Republic of Bulgaria on 4 May 2017 by the 44th National Assembly. The entire ministry is obliged to resign. The Council of Ministers has a big role to play in the making of the law of the state. (1A) The total number of Ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed fifteen per cent. It has no collective functions. He acts as a link between the President and the Council of Ministers. Further, constitutionally the Prime Minister may be a member of any of the two Houses of parliament. It is Prime Minister who decides the size of CoM. months, within which, he should become a member of either House of Parliament; otherwise, he ceases to be the Prime Minister. These are given priority and preference over Private Bills. Listening to young people about issues that matter to them is an important commitment of the government. The Council of Ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. In this capacity, he enjoys the following powers: Other Powers & Functions of Prime Minister. Government Information Service. He recommends persons who can be appointed as ministers by the President. CoM work as a team they sink and swim together. This quick video explains the office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. It was incorporated by the 44th Constitutional Amendment Act in Article 352 of the Constitution in 1978. He can re-shuffle his Council of Ministers whenever he needs to do so. It is collectively responsible to the Lower House of the Parliament. The President’s special address is prepared by the Cabinet. It is the duty of the prime minister : To communicate to the President all decisions of the council of ministers relating to the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation; To furnish such information relating to the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation as the President may call for; and. The President can declare a proclamation of national emergency under Article 352. In the Parliamentary form of Government, the President is the nominal head of the State and the Council of Ministers (CoM) headed by the Prime Minister is the real executive head of the State. The President may use his discretionary power to appoint the Prime Minster, when no single party or group secures the majority in the House but has to appoint when the person who can prove his majority in the House with the support of some smaller groups or parties. Formation of Council of Ministers: The constitution provides that there shall be a Prime Minister, who will be nominated by the President who will in turn appoint other Ministers, who will form the Council of Ministers. The third category of ministers are the Deputy Ministers who are responsible to assist the Cabinet Ministers and the Council of Ministers. It mentions that The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the. Though current retail details about who holds what portfolio does not make any sense for UPSC preparation but static portions related to the topic become important. In such a situation, the President usually appoints the leader of the largest party or coalition in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister and asks him/her to seek a vote of confidence in the House within a month. The President of India exercises his authority on the advice of the Council of Ministers. We bring the articles in UPSC way for the civil services aspirants and the Wisest Way for general readers. In the Parliamentary form of Government, the President is the nominal head of the State and the Council of Ministers (CoM) headed by the Prime Minister is the real executive head of the State. CoM does not meet, as a body, to transact government business. However, after 44th Amendment Act such proclamation can only be made after the written recommendation of the Cabinet to the President. As per the conventions of the parliamentary system of government, the President has to appoint the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister. The Parliament keeps an effective check on the power of the Prime Minister. Prime Minister is the principal channel of communication between the President and the council of ministers. It states that the ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the President. Now also, Article, It is a constitutional body, dealt in detail by the Articles 74 and 75 of the Constitution. In short, Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers. Though he has no right to vote in the House of which is not a member. The Prime Minister chooses the ministers and on his advice the President appoints them. The Council of Ministers consists of all categories of Ministers- Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers. All the big and important appointments are made on the advice of the Council of Ministers. He decides the kind of relation India would have with other countries. He advises the President with regard to summoning and proroguing of the sessions of the Parliament. In the rush of reaching first to the readers, the websites miss the balanced opinion, which is the need of the hour. The Parliament exercises control over the Prime Minister through question-hour, calling attention motion, No-Confidence motion and other discussions. All members of the Union Council of Ministers are necessarily members of the Parliament. Right of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, UN Convention Right of Person with Disability(UNCRPD), Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005, Sexual Harassment Women at Workplace Act,2013, Comparison between powers of Lt Governor of Delhi and Puducherry, Five years of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana. As in England, the Prime Minister is the "keystone of the Cabinet arch". Thus, the advice of the Council of Ministers to the President is a legal binding on him. The Prime Minister hosted the Council for Science and Technology at Downing Street this afternoon. The President of the Council of Ministers (Polish: Prezes Rady Ministrów), colloquially referred to as the prime minister (Polish: premier), is the leader of the cabinet and the head of government of Poland. The Prime Minister recommends persons who can be appointed as ministers by the president. The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminister System of Government in Traditional Constitution Theory. But, when no party has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, then the President may exercise his personal discretion in the selection and appointment of the Prime Minister. Council of Ministers and allotment of portfolio to them, Important Constitutional provisions with respect to a minister, Cabinet and council of Minister differences, The constitution of India does not contain any specific procedure for the selection and appointment of the Prime Minister. It is a part of the series Constitution for Dummies. The President may call for information regarding the affairs of the Union and the Prime Minister has to furnish such information. This is called “Rule of Collective Responsibility” further ‘individual responsibility” means that individual minister holds the office during the pleasure of the President. Chapter - 3 Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Long Answers... Chapter - 3 Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Long Answers... Share This: Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest Linkedin Whatsapp. The Cabinet Ministers head the important ministries of the Central government like home, defence, finance, external affairs and so forth. Though it has the power to make decisions but CoM is bound by the decisions made by Cabinet. Council of Ministers . Answer:Prime Minister is known as the ‘Keystone of the Cabinet arch’. He is the crisis manager-in-chief at the political level during emergencies. The Prime Minister with the backing of the majority party or groups in the Parliament is the real executive head of the nation (i.e., de-facto head). Council of Ministers. The resignation of Prime Minister implies the resignation of the whole Cabinet. of the total number of members of the House of the People. The Cabinet takes important decisions. Share. BOYKO BORISSOV. The lesson also discusses the cabinet form of government. It is the PM who presides over the meeting of the council of ministers and influences its decisions. appointment. slideshow 1900855 by moeshe It implements the decisions taken by the cabinet. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The Constitution of India provides for a Council of Ministers, with the Prime Minister as its head. Council of Ministers. It includes all the three types of ministers, that is, cabinet ministers, ministers of state, and deputy ministers. (1) The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. Once decided, the policy is conveyed to the Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers, and details are worked out and passed to civil servant under the ministry to implement the decisions. The President administers the oath of office and secrecy to the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. Thus, it did not find a place in the original text of the Constitution. Its classification into a three-tier body is based on the conventions of parliamentary government as, It enforces the collective responsibility of the council of ministers to the Lower House of. Lesson 8 of 10 • 556 upvotes • 7:30 mins. Such decisions are communicated to the other ministers and they have to follow these decisions even though they might not have seen a party to such decisions. The power and functions of the Council of Ministers is stipulated in Article 77 of the Constitution. The Cabinet is responsible for the expenditure of the government, for presenting the demand for grants and also for raising necessary income by various means. The members of the majority group/party elect their leader in the Lok Sabha to be appointed as the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President. Indian Constitution: Functions and responsibilities of the Union. term of office. 91st Amendment Act provided f… He is the chief spokesman of the Union government. He advises the president with regard to the appointment of important officials like Attorney General of India, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, the chairman and members of the UPSC, election commissioners, chairman and members of the finance commission and so on. cabinet ministers. They hold important portfolios, like home, defence, finance, external affairs and railways etc. Normally, only members of Parliament are appointed as Ministers. council of ministers. ICSE Class 10 Notes : The Prime Minister and The Council of Ministers, CBSE Class 10 Maths Questions and Answers, CBSE Class 10 Science Questions and Answers. He can recommend dissolution of the Lok Sabha to President at any time. therefore, it is a part of the council of ministers. Question 1: Who is known as the ‘Keystone of the Cabinet arch’? Whenever an unwanted situation arises in the Parliament, the matter generally ends with the intervention of the Prime Minister. As per the article, the salaries and allowances of ministers shall be determined by the Parliament. However, the President may dismiss him before, if he loses the majority support in the Lok Sabha. Each minister gets a sumptuary allowance at a varying scale, according to his rank and free accommodation. (Incorporates changes in the Council of Ministers as on 09.10.2020) Click here to download ( PDF format ) Question 5: Wh… The salaries and allowances of Ministers are determined by Parliament from time to time. According to the Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers has also approved the draft Media Proclamation which governs print and broadcast media, also introducing a legal framework for online media. Article 74 of the Constitution lays down that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to advice the President who shall in the exercise of his functions act in accordance with such advice. The Prime Minister The Prime Minister (PM) is appointed by the President, who according to convention, invites the leader of the majority party or group in the Lok Sabha to form the Government. Investing in science and talent is a key priority for the Prime Minister. He advises the President with regard to the appointment of important officials like attorney general of India, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Chairman and members of the UPSC, election commissioners. The 44th Amendment Act provides that the President shall not issue a proclamation of national emergency unless the decision of the Union Cabinet has been communicated to him in writing. Minister of State in the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The Constitution does not calssify the members of the Council of Ministers into different ranks. The Prime Minister’s Youth Council is one mechanism to support this dialogue. It is the duty of the prime minister : To communicate to the President all decisions of the council of ministers relating to the administration of … It mentions that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as the head to aid and advise the President who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice. The Finance Minister prepares the annual budget containing estimates of income and expenditure of the ensuring year. Hence, the other Ministers cannot function when the Prime Minister dies or resigns. Charu Modi. The main powers of the Cabinet are as follows: The Cabinet formulates both external and domestic policies of the government on important matters such as defence, economic policy, security needs and important reforms, etc. ; Important Constitutional provisions with respect to Council of Ministers: Article 74: The Supreme Court of India in its verdict in 1997 mentions that a person who is not a member of either House of Parliament can be appointed as Prime Minister for six. The Council of Ministers consists of all the three categories of Ministers – Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers. The Prime Minister with the backing of the majority party or groups in the Parliament is the real executive head of the nation (i.e., de-facto head). The President is the only nominal ruler while the real executive powers are envisaged in the Prime Minister. The Cabinet is instrumental in planning and moving the Amendment to the Constitution. They along with the Prime Minister of India form 15% of the total strength of the lower house i.e. But the President has little power in this regard because the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers are directly responsible to the Lok Sabha. Please enter your username or email address to reset your password. Save. As a leader of the nation, he meets various sections of people in different states and receives memoranda from them regarding their problems, and so on. Ministers may be chosen from members of either House and a minister, who is a member of one House has a right to speak in an and to take part in the proceedings of the other House. The Prime Minister is the principal advisor to the President. In addition to the above-mentioned three major roles, the Prime Minister has various other roles. In fact, the Cabinet is the pivot round which the whole administration revolves. central switchboard: (+359 2) 940 29 99. Article 75(3) of the Constitution states that, “The Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the House of the People” (or Lok Sabha). Answer:The leader of the political party securing absolute majority in the Lok Sabha is appointed by the President as the Prime Minister. © 2020 JournalsOfIndia - A free initiative by Manifest Team. The Council of Ministers executes the decision taken by the Cabinet. It means, that this is a ‘powerful tool of the President in the hands of the Prime Minister. It includes the cabinet ministers only. The Prime Minster is the Chief Coordinator between various ministries on policy issues. Of course, technically the Ministers too will be appointed by the President, but on the advice of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Lower House in the Parliament and the Chief Sopkesperson of the Government in the Parliament. Only the members of Parliament are appointed are appointed as Ministers. Legislative Power. deputy ministers. the prime minister. (The number cannot exceed 15%) 3. The Prime Minister presides over the meetings of the Cabinet. minister of state. They may or may not hold charge of independent ministers. He can ask a minister to resign or advise the President to dismiss him in case of difference of opinion. PM is the chairman of t NITI Aayog, Governing council of NITI Aayog, National Integration Council, Inter-State Council and National Water Resources Council. The Prime Minister can ask a minister to resign or advise the President to dismiss him in case of difference of opinion. As per the 91st Amendment Act of 2003, A member of either house of Parliament belonging to any political party who is disqualified on the ground of defection shall also be disqualified to be appointed as a minister. It also mentions that The advice tendered by Ministers to the President shall not be inquired into in any court. Functions and Powers of Chief Ministers . As the head of the CoM  Prime Minister makes important decisions because he/ she is the real executive authority. The constitutional position of the Chief Minister is more or less similar to that of the Prime Minister. According to the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution, the President shall act in accordance with the advice rendered by the Council of Ministers expressed through the Prime Minister. The current responsibilities and traditions of the office stem from the creation of the contemporary Polish state, and the office is defined in the Constitution of 1997. 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